Salaam Ramadan !

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Ramadan is a holy and sacred month for Muslims. It is one of the five pillars of Islam. There are some things I would like to share about ramadan with all of you.

In this month the Muslims feel the pain and hardships of poor people.
Ramadan comes once every year. Ramadan comes every year at different dates because of the lunar calendar. As the dates change so does the length of the fast. A fast starts after the fajar azaan, before sunrise and ends at maghrib azaan, after the sun sets. In ramadan Muslims all over the world abstain from eating, drinking, immoral behaviour, bad deeds and having sexual relations during their fast.
Waking up before sunrise to eat something which would make you full enough to spend the whole fast with that food is called sehri. Some people don’t do sehri at all and spend the whole fast on their dinner and some get up early and eat. But all have to close their fast before hearing the fajar azan with a sehri prayer.
Muslims don’t eat anything at all during their fast neither they drink anything not even water. Neither they use foul language or get angry as it against to do such in ramadan.
As Islam has a flexibility for children, women, older people and ill people so it happens in ramadan as well. Fasting is not obligatory to the children who haven’t reached adolescence yet. The same goes for pregnant women and ill people. Women in their time of the month are also exempted from fasting for only those days. No one forces you to fast although it is farz in Islam to fast once you reach puberty but no one does and can force the other to fast as forcing the religion is not permissible in Islam. But if the children want to fast, the adults let them fast for half day and call it a mock half day fast.
Eating, drinking or having sexual relation during your fast invalidates it.

Muslims open their fast on maghrib azaan, it’s called iftar, with an iftar prayer and start with a date usually or they can open with anything sweet. Then they can eat anything they want to till sehri again.

After iftar they have an additional prayer called tarawih. The whole Quran is being recited in tarawih within a month. Gents offer tarawih at mosque in congregation and the ladies can do it either at mosques or at their homes.
At then end of ramadan Muslims are rewarded in the form of eid for fasting for one month and staying away from all the bad deeds.
I’ll discuss eid in some other article. I hope you find this article informative.